Arch of Constantine
At nearly 70 feet tall, this largest-surviving triumphal arch is dedicated to Roman Emperor Constantine’s victory over Maxentius in 312 CE. Constantine’s victory ultimately led to Christianity eventually being adopted as the official religion of the Roman Empire. The arch also served as a propaganda piece – reminding future emperors and rulers of Rome’s victorious history. Many decorative sections of the arch were re-used from previous sculptures, though the lower and middle levels were constructed specifically for the Arch of Constantine.
Gaze up in amazement at this massive stone amphitheater, home to gladiator fights, wild animal battles, and mock naval engagements for nearly four centuries! Officially known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, it’s believed to be the largest amphitheater ever built – and it’s freestanding, unlike its amphitheater counterparts, which are often dug into the side of hills. Although two-thirds of the original structure has been destroyed, visitors can still tour the impressive Roman landmark.
Take a peek at ancient Roman life, excellently preserved in Ancient Rome’s harbor city at the mouth of the Tiber River. Today, Ostia Antica is located about two miles away, thanks to the shifting of the water and banks. This oasis from the bustle of Rome is the perfect place to examine the baths, squares, docks, and mosaics of this important ancient city.
Wander through the Pantheon, one of the oldest structures in Rome today (built in 125 AD!). Once used as a temple, it’s currently used as a Catholic church and mass is held here daily. The architecture of the Pantheon is famed – in fact, its dome is still the largest unsupported concrete dome in the world! This centrally located landmark is within easy walking distance of the Trevi Fountain and many lively piazze.
From the foot of the Spanish Steps to the top of this landmark, it’s a steep 135 steps! As the widest stairway in Europe, it’s the perfect place to enjoy the hustle of the piazza and shops below. Though designed by a Frenchman, and located in Italy’s capital city, the stairs and Piazza di Spagna are named for the nearby Spanish Embassy.
Discover the Roman Forum, one of the most celebrated sites in the world today and what was once the center of public life for citizens of this ancient city. This rectangular plaza, which is positioned between Piazza Venezia and the Colosseum, is was very different from Rome’s later public squares because it took centuries to develop. Surrounded by the city’s oldest and most significant government structures, this former marketplace served as a forum for considerable events such as elections, public speeches, roman triumphs and criminal trials.
Admire one of the most stunning fountains in the world and one of the oldest water sources in Rome! Measuring in at twenty meters wide and twenty-six meters high, Rome’s largest Baroque fountain was completed in 1762, eleven years after its designer, Nicholas Salvi, died. Also, if you have enjoyed your tour of Rome, don’t forget to toss a coin into the fountain’s water basin! By doing this, you are sure to visit this ancient city again!
Experience the breathtaking architecture of one of Rome’s most beautiful and famous squares. Formerly the Circus Domitianus stadium where ancient Greek Agonal fames were held, this Baroque square displays three fountains, one of which is considered to be papal Rome’s greatest Baroque Masterpieces– La Fonatana Dei Fuimi. Historically, this piazza became a venue for the market, festivals, and processions. Today, Piazza Navona is still lively and home to a variety of cafes, restaurant, and street performers.