After struggling in the disease-infested swampland of Jamestown for many years, the colonists decided to move their capital inland to Middle Plantation. Located on higher ground between the James and York rivers, Middle Plantation was the home of the College of William and Mary, and had plenty of undeveloped surrounding land. In 1699 the new capital city was re-named Williamsburg in honor of England’s King William III. The capital of Virginia moved from Williamsburg to Richmond in 1780.


History of Colonial Williamsburg

Colonial Williamsburg

Life in Revolutionary-era Williamsburg