Forbidden City

Teach Through Educational Travel: Beijing’s Forbidden City

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History comes alive at the Forbidden City, in the center of Beijing, China. The Forbidden City (called Gu Gong, in Chinese) was the home of 24 emperors, and was the center of politics from the Ming Dynasty through the Qing Dynasty – about 500 years, ending in 1912 with the abdication of Puyi, the last Emperor of China. The Forbidden City took 16 years to build (1406-1420), and is an enormous symmetrical palace complex, consisting of 980 buildings and thousands of rooms. It was built from precious wood, marble, and golden bricks, by over a million workers and a thousand artisans, pressed into hard labor. It is now a World Heritage Site, and proclaimed by UNESCO to be the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.In 1925, the Forbidden City began to be administered by the Palace Museum. The Palace Museum is currently carrying out a restoration project, which is expected to take 16 years. The Forbidden City is the best preserved imperial palace in China, and a true representation of traditional Chinese architecture. The Forbidden City is surrounded on three sides by Imperial Gardens, and on the fourth side, by Tiananmen Square. You can enter via Tiananmen Gate, the Gate of Heavenly Peace. You exit through the Gate of Divine Might.

Now, the Palace Museum has converted the inner palaces to exhibition halls, where a variety of Imperial art and artifacts are displayed. It is the largest tourist attraction in China.

Teach Through Educational Travel
Download a larger image and share the photo with your class, then try these discussion questions and classroom activities:

  •  Look at the layout of the Forbidden City, and pay special attention to the Ancient Chinese theory of the five elements, and associated colors (about halfway down the page). When you know about the importance and use of colors, do you look at the photos of the Forbidden City differently? How?
  • Browse the curators’ picks at the Palace Museum website and pick two of your favorite items. Share why you chose them, and discuss the importance of art and design in Imperial China. My two favorites? These incredible blue glass perfume bottles and this cloud and dragon-embroidered armor. I love the colors, the intricate details, and try to imagine their use in Imperial Palace life.
  • During the Qing Dynasty, there was a cultural tradition called the Tea Reception, where the Emperor had tea with his subjects, and composed poems together. Read this article on the Tea Reception and then, in small groups, compose short poems based on something you’ve learned about the Forbidden City.



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