High atop a rocky hill in Athens is an ancient complex called the Acropolis. It has a long and storied history, but was officially built upon in the 5th century BCE, as coordinated by Perikles. He was one of the most influential statesmen in the history of Athens. Upon the Acropolis (which means highest point in town, in Greek), there are many important buildings, including the Parthenon, the Erechtheon, the Propylaea, and a temple to Athena Nike. The Acropolis has long been seen, worldwide, as a true representation of classical archaeology.
Download a larger image and share the photo with your class, then try these discussion questions and classroom activities:
- Learn more about how the Acropolis was built. What is the geography of the Athenian Acropolis? Was this location always important to Athenians? What other activities were held on this hill, before the building of the Acropolis as we know it today?
- The Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Read the history of the Acropolis and discuss why this site is so important to both Greek and global history.
- There has been a global debate for thousands of years about intellectual property, conservation, and where artifacts belong. There is, in the British Museum, an amazing set of historical artifacts called the Elgin Marbles, named after Lord Elgin, who removed the marbles from the Acropolis.Watch this video and discuss the importance of conservation, learning about history, and intellectual property. Where do these marbles belong, in your opinion?